Please find below our policies for Safeguarding and First Aid. These policies are updated annually or when needed to comply with new guidance or legislation. All policies including our Complaints Procedures are available on request from the School Office.
Please find below our policies for Safeguarding and First Aid. These policies are updated annually or when needed to comply with new guidance or legislation. All policies including our Complaints Procedures are available on request from the School Office.
ST. WINEFRIDE’S SAFEGUARDING POLICY
DESIGNATED LEAD PRACTIONER: SR. M. FELICITY
DEPUTY LEAD PRACTIONER: MRS. A. HEWINGS
EYFS DESIGNATED LEAD: Sr. M. Felicity
This policy applies to the whole school day including EYFS, out-of-school care and out of school activities in compliance with relevant legislation such a Keeping Children Safe in Education (Sept. 2016), The Safeguarding and Welfare Requirements (Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation 2012,) Working together to Safeguard Children 2015, Every Child Matters, the Children Act 1989, 2004, Education Acts 1996 2002, Independent School Standards Regulations, 2016, Counter-terrorism and Security Act, 2015 and The Prevent Duty Guidance: for England and Wales revised July 2015, The Prevent Duty: Departmental advice for school and childcare providers, June 2015, How Social Media is used to Encourage Travel to Syria and Iraq - Briefing Note for Schools, Dfe, 2015
The Purpose of the Policy
St. Winefride’s School recognises that it has an explicit duty to safeguard and protect children from abuse or neglect as defined in the Working Together to Safeguard Children, March, 2015. The overall intention and purpose behind the Safeguarding Policy is underpinned by the fundamental principle of the Children Act 1989:
'the welfare of the child is paramount'
the attitude that 'it could happen here'. (KCSIE,2016)
Safeguarding and promoting the welfare of the child is defined as
- protecting children from maltreatment
- preventing impairment of children's health or development;
- ensuring that children grow up in circumstances consistent with the provision of safe and effective care; and taking action to enable all children to have the best outcomes; and
- taking action to enable all children to have the best outcomes. (KCSIE, 2016)
Everyone in our school shares in keeping children safe by:
- Providing a safe environment for our children to learn in.
- Supporting children’s development in ways which will foster a sense of self esteem and independence.
- Identifying and responding to children in need of support or protection.
- Working in partnership with children, young people, their parents, carers and other agencies in accordance with SSCB procedures.
- Considering what is the best interests of the child.
The school is committed to
- Establishing and maintaining an ethos where children feel secure and are encouraged to talk, and are listened to.
- Ensuring all children have effective means of communication with more than one adult in the school. Giving opportunity for class or group discussions of thoughts and feelings in an atmosphere of trust, acceptance and tolerance.
- Including in the curriculum activities and opportunities for PSHE/Citizenship/RE/SMSC which equip children with the skills they need to stay safe from abuse.
ROLES AND RESPONSIBLITIES
Our policy applies to staff, trustees and any volunteers working in the school.
- Our Designated Safeguarding Lead (DSL) is Sr. Felicity and our Deputy DSL is Mrs. Hewings.
- All adults working with children have a responsibility to safeguard and promote the welfare of children. 'Everyone who comes into contact with children and their families and carers has a role to play in safeguarding children. (KCSIE, 2016)
- The Board of Trustees will undertake an annual review of the child protection policies and procedures.
- All staff (including volunteers) will be informed of their responsibilities in referring to the Designated Person . Each member of staff has a copy of the School Safeguarding Policy. Child Safeguarding principles are outlined on page 7 of the staff handbook. Staff also has a hard copy of Part One; Safeguarding information for all staff (Keeping Children Safe in Education, May 2016).
- New staff will be informed of their responsibilities. (Code of Conduct, Staff Handbook, Employee Handbook.)
- The designated staff responsible for child protection will receive training every two years.
- The Designated staff will also keep up-to-date through forum meetings, reading, etc. at regular intervals.
- Designated staff will be available during term time for staff to discuss safeguarding issues.
- Staff will receive annual updates on developments.
- All staff will have training every three years.
- All staff will receive Prevent awareness training.
- The school will ensure that parents have an understanding of the responsibility placed on the school and staff for child protection by providing information in the Parent Handbook. A copy of the policy is made available to all new parents. In general any concerns will be discussed with parents and agreement sought to make a referral unless such a notification would place the child at an increase risk of significant harm. Parents are requested to notify us of any accidents, incidents or injuries that may affect the child which will be recorded.
- The head teacher will inform staff about any child on the Child Protection Register.
- Work with relevant agencies e.g. social care, the police, health services and co-operate as required with any enquiries regarding child protection matters including attendance at case conferences when necessary. This includes sharing information. The Data Protection Act 1998 should be considered but 'fears about sharing information cannot be allowed to stand in the way of the need to promote the welfare and protect the safety of children. All adults working with children have a responsibility to safeguard and promote the welfare of children. 'Everyone who comes into contact with children and their families and carers has a role to play in safeguarding children'. (KCSIE, 2016).
- Keep written records of concerns about children, when there is no need to refer the matter immediately.
- Ensure that all information is kept, securely; separate from the main pupil file.
- Develop and follow procedures where an allegation is made against a member of staff or volunteer. (see below)
- Ensure that safe recruitment practices are followed. (Refer to page 6 and page 37 of the Employee Handbook and the new Safe Recruitment Policy.)
- School staff will only be allowed to use school cameras in school and on outings. Photographs are taken in school to document achievements and activities and milestones in a child's life. In Early Years a mixture of photographs are taken that document children engaged in activities. Children are encouraged to use the camera to take photos. Cameras are not allowed in toilets.
- Parents are asked to give permission to allow photographs to be published in local newspapers and school site on the internet.
SPECIFIC SAFEGUARDING ISSUES
A child going missing from education is a potential indicator of abuse or neglect. (KCSIE, May 2016). Potential safeguarding issues to be aware of include children travelling to conflict zones, FGM and forced marriage.
Attention should be paid to children who go missing on repeat occasions.
The local authority must be notified if:
- a child has been taken out of school by parents and being educated outside the school system e.g. home educated.
- a child has ceased to attend school and no longer lives within reasonable distance of the school at which they are registered.
- has been permanently excluded.
The local authority must be notified as soon as possible when our school is to remove a pupil from its register for any of the above grounds.
The local authority must be notified of any pupil who fails to attend school regularly, or has been absent without the school's permission for a continuous period of 10 days or more.
Authorities must be notified
- if there is an unexplained absence of more than two days of a pupil who is on the child protection register.
HONOUR BASED VIOLENCE (HBV)
Honour based violence (HBV) encompasses crimes which have been committed to protect or defend the honour of the family and/or the community including Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), forced marriage and practices such as breast ironing. All forms of HBV is abuse. (KCSIE, 2016)
FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION (FMG)
Section 5B of the Female Genital Mutilation Act 2003 (as inserted by section 74 of the Serious Crime Act, 2015) places a statutory duty upon teachers, along with social workers and healthcare professionals, to report to the police where they discover (either through disclosure of the victim or visual evidence) the FGM appears to have been carried out on a girl under 18. (KCSIE, 2016)
Staff should not examine pupils.
The mandatory reporting duty came into place on October 2015. Teachers must personally report to the police cases where they discover that an act of FGM appears to have been carried out.
Unless the teacher has a good reason not to, they should still consider and discuss any such case with the DSL and involve children's social care as appropriate.
If there is a suspected case, teachers should follow our local safeguarding procedures.
Forcing a person into marriage is a crime in England and Wales. It is a marriage 'entered into without the full and free consent of one or both parties and where violence, threats or any other form of coercion is used to cause a person to enter into a marriage.' (KCSIE, 2016). Advice and information can be received from the Forced Marriage Unit - 020 7008 0151 04 email@example.com.
PREVENTING RADICALISTION (See Preventing Extremism and Radicalisation Policy)
Radicalisation refers to the process by which a person comes to support terrorism and forms of extremism.
Since July 2015, specified authorities, including schools are subject to a duty under section 26 of the Counter-Terrorism an Security Act 2014 in the exercise of their functions to have 'due regard to the need to prevent people form being drawn into terrorism.' (KCSIE, 2016). This is referred to as the Prevent Duty.
ALLEGATIONS OF ABUSE MADE AGAINST OTHER CHILDREN
Children are capable of abusing their peers. This abuse can take many forms - verbal, physical, sexting, sexual touching, initiation/hazing type violence. Staff must be constantly alert to the possibility of this behaviour occurring. Children are encouraged to report any forms of abuse that occurs to a member of staff. Any instances should be immediately reported to the DSL or the deputy DSL. These behaviours will then be investigate by management involving parents if/when necessary.
ONLINE SAFETY (see e-Safety policy)
KCSIE 2016 identifies three areas of risk:
- content: being exposed to illegal, inappropriate or harmful material
- contact: being subjected to harmful online interaction with other users
- conduct: personal online behaviour that increases the likelihood of, or causes, harm.
Children with SEN and disabilities can face additional safeguarding issues. (KCSIE, 2016).
We will ensure that:
- we will not assume that indicators of possible abuse such as behaviour, mood and injury relate to the child's disability with further investigation.
- Children with SEND are not disproportionally impacted by bullying
- Communications barriers and difficulties are addressed.
NOTE: If, at any point, there is a risk of immediate serious harm to a child a referral should be made to children's social care immediately. ANYONE CAN MAKE A REFERRAL. Where referrals are not made by the DSL the DSL should be informed as soon as possible, that a referral has been made. (KCSIE, 2016)
- The Designated Lead will then take the appropriate course of action based on Shropshire’s Safeguarding Children Board (SSCB) guidelines. This includes incidents where one pupil makes an accusation against another child in the school.
- Parents will be made aware that the school has a responsibility for the welfare of the children and therefore the relevant agencies will be informed if the school is concerned about any child. This information for Parents/Carers will be presented in the Parent Handbook.
DEALING WITH DISCLOSURES OF ABUSE
The school should not do anything that may jeopardise a police investigation.
- Stay calm and listen carefully
- Question the child without using leading questions and without frightening or pressurising the child
- Reassure the child
- Tell the child that the information will have to be passed on but only to people who need to know.
- Inform the designated senior person who will make decisions regarding who needs and has to right to know.
- Where there is a safeguarding concern, the school should 'ensure that the child's wishes and feelings are taken into account when determining what action to take and what services to provide.
- However, the member of staff must make it clear to the student that confidentiality cannot be guaranteed in respect of child protection issues.
- When there is a suspicion of harm and a referral is made, as much information as possible should be passed on. Research and Serious Reviews have shown that poor practice includes: failing to act on and refer the early sings of abuse and neglect, poor record keeping, failing to listen to the views of the child, failing to re-assess concerns when situations to not improve, sharing information too slowly and a lack of challenge to those who appear not to be taking action. (KCSIE,2016)
- That is why it is essential that accurate records are kept when there is a concern about the welfare of a child. All records are subject to the Freedom of Information Act (2000) and the Data Protection Act (1998). If there is a doubt as to the rights of certain parties to have access to the information, the designated person will seek legal advice before releasing the information.
- Full name, date of birth and home address of child
- Details of the parent the child normally lives with
- Record date, time and place
- Record the information given without interpreting it.
- Record the exact words used by the child if the disclosure is made and the name of others present.
- If physical injury is involved, record observations and use the body pictures provided. (Use body map to record site of injuries)
- Record actions taken.
- Practitioner's printed name, role and signature, dated an timed.
- Clearly written report that cannot be erased or added to must made within 48 hours.
- Information will only be shared with the people, agencies that need to know.
- All information shared must remain CONFIDENTIAL.
- All written records will be kept securely by the DSL.
If we come across situations which are not necessarily a child protection concern but where we think a child may benefit from additional support from other agencies then the process known as Early Help will be enacted.
- Early help means providing support as soon as a problem emerges at any point in a child's life, from the foundation years through to the teenage years. (KCSIE, 2016)
- Concerns should be discussed with the DSL.
- Any member of staff can make a referral to the children's social care but should inform the DSL as soon as possible.
- The local authority should make a decision with one working day of a referral being made about the course of action to be taken.
- Staff should follow-up if no information comes.
- If early help is appropriate. Interagency assessment such as the 'Common Assessment Framework (CAF) and 'Team around the Child (TAC)' may be introduced.
- The case should be kept in constant review and a referral to children's social care should be considered if there is no improvement in the child's situation.
EHAF Enquiry Service: 01743 281210
ALLEGATIONS AGAINST STAFF
Teachers and staff must protect themselves when meeting on a one-to-one basis with students and staff should bear in mind that even perfectly innocent actions can be sometimes misconstrued. Where staff are working with children on a one-to-one basis e.g, for music/singing lessons doors should be left ajar when possible. Teachers are aware that the headmistress may visit at any time or other members of staff.
Managing cases of allegations against teachers and other staff
Managing cases of allegations against teachers and other staff will follow the guidance given in Part 4 of KCSIE, 2016.
This guidance will be used in respect of all cases in which it is alleged that a teacher or a member of staff (including volunteers) in a school or college that provides education for children under 18 years of age has:
- behaved in a way that has harmed a child or may have harmed a child;
- possibly committed a criminal offence against related to a child; or
- behaved towards a child or children in a way that indicated he or she would pose a risk of harm to children.
- Once an allegation is made a case officer and a designated officer will be appointed to manage the allegation.
- The designated officer has overall responsibility for oversight of the procedures for dealing with allegations, for giving advice, liaising with agencies and monitoring progress of the case to ensure that it is dealt with as soon as possible.
- It is expected that 80% of cases should be resolved within one month, 90% within three months and all but the most exceptional cases within 12 months.
- Initial discussions between the case manage and designated officer will consider the nature, context and content of the allegation and decide on a course of action. If there is evidence, the case manager may want to involve the police immediately. If evidence is not available, consideration should be given to whether police involvement is necessary. Information will be shared regarding previous history, if the child or family have made previous allegations.
- The following definitions are used when determining the outcome of allegation investigations.
Malicious: There is sufficient evidence to disprove the allegation and there has been a deliberate act to deceive;.
False: There is sufficient evidence to disprove the allegation;
Unsubstantiated: There is insufficient evidence to either prove or disprove the allegation. The term, therefore, does not imply
guilt or innocence.
- At this stage a decision may be made that no further action is required. This decision must be recorded and justified by the case manager and the designated officer. Once an agreement is reached on what information to share and by whom, the individual will be informed in writing. A decision will also be made regarding what action to take in respect of the individual and those who made the allegation.
If further investigation is required then the designated officer and the case manager will discuss how this will take place and by whom. A senior member of management may be appointed to do this.
Parents or carers of a child or children involved should be told about the allegation as soon as possible if they do not know about it already. If the police or other agencies are involved then the agencies should be consulted and agreement reached on what information to share. Parents should be kept informed of all progress and the outcome of the case where there is not a criminal prosecution and the outcome of disciplinary procedures.
Local Authority Designated Officer (LADO) 03456 78921
The LADO should be informed within one working day of all allegations that come to an employer's attention or that are made directly to the police.
Ofsted will be informed within 14 days.
Once the case has been considered and discussed with the LADO and Ofsted, we will follow advice as to whether to suspend or not. If advised to do so, the member of staff will be suspended on full pay for the duration of the investigation; this is not an indication of admission that the alleged incident has taken place, but is to protect the staff as well as children and families throughout the process. Staff will be advised on the process of the investigation taking place. We will follow advice about how to inform families about the allegation.
The school will make every effort to maintain confidentiality and guard against unwanted publicity until such point where the person is charged with an offence or the Dfe/NCYL publish information about an investigation or judgement.
Allegations that are found to be malicious will be removed from personnel records.
It is the duty of the school to report to the DBS within one month of leaving the school any person (whether employed, contracted, a volunteer or student) whose services are no longer used because he or she is consider unsuitable to work with children.
Independent School are also under a duty to consider making a referral to the National College for Teaching and Leadership (NCTL) where a teacher has been dismissed (or would have been dismissed had he/she not resigned) and a prohibition order may be appropriate.
(See page 22 of Employee Handbook - Making a Protected Disclosure)
Whistleblowing is a mechanism by which adults can voice their concerns in good faith, without fear of repercussion, behaviour by colleagues that raise concerns. Regardless of source, concerns will be recorded and reported to the designated practitioner or appropriate agency.
Next Review Date : April 2017
Previous Review Date: April 2016
Previous Review Date: November 2015
Previous Review Date: July 2014
Previous Review Date: January 2014
Previous Review Date: July 2013
Previous Review Date:: April 2013
Previous Review Date: November 2012
CHILD PROTECTION REFERRAL NUMBERS
Shropshire Council Initial Contact Team 03456 789021
(via the Customer Service Centre)
Emergency Social Work Duty Team 03456 789040
after 5pm and at weekends
Local Authority Designated Officer (LADO) 03456 789021
Consultation with an Early Help Advisor 03456 789021
Early Help Implementation Enquires 01743 250039
Telford and Wrekin Referral Number 01952 385700
Police Public Protection Unit 0300 333 3000
Victim Support 01743 362812
Samaritans 08457 909090
Axis (Shropshire) 01743 357777
Mental Health Helpline 0900107 7057
NSPCC 0808 800 5000
NSPCC Local Office 01743 281980
Enquiries about services for children and young people 03456 789008
(Shropshire Council Information Service)
Ofsted 0300 123 1231
PREVENTING EXTREMISM AND RADICALISATION
The designated led should contact West Mercia Prevent Team:
DS Phillip Colley 01386 591835
DC Greenow 01386 591835
DC Gary Shepheard 01386 591816
PC Manjit Sidhu 01386 591815
The Prevent Team email is:
DEFINITION OF ABUSE
Abuse and neglect are forms of maltreatment of a child. Somebody may abuse or neglect a child by inflicting harm, or by failing to at to prevent harm. Children may be abused in a family or in an institutional or community setting, by those known to them or, more rarely, by a stranger for example, via the internet. They may be abused by an adult or adults, or another child or children. (Working Together to Safeguard Children, 2013)
TYPES OF CHILD ABUSE AND THEIR SYMPTOMS
Child abuse can be categorised into distinct types, i.e.
1. Physical Abuse:
2. Sexual Abuse:
3. Emotional Abuse:
4. Physical Neglect:
5. Child Sexual exploitation
7. Domestic Abuse
8. Grave Concern/at risk — this is not a distinct category but is dealt with separately. A child can be at risk from any combination of the four categories.
These different types of abuse require different approaches. A child suffering from physical abuse may be in immediate and serious danger. Action should, therefore, be taken immediately. With other forms of abuse there is a need to ensure that adequate information is gathered. There is also a need to make sure that grounds for suspicion have been adequately investigated and recorded. The need to collate information must be balanced against the need for urgent action. If there are reasonable grounds for suspicion then a decision to monitor the situation should only be taken after consultation. A situation that should cause particular concern is that of a child who fails to thrive without any obvious reason. In such a situation a medical investigation will be required to consider the causes. Each of the categories will now be explored in more detail.
1. Physical Abuse:
This involves physical injury to a child, including deliberate poisoning, where there is definite knowledge or a reasonable suspicion, that the injury was inflicted or knowingly not prevented.
Typical signs of Physical Abuse are:
bruises and abrasions - especially about the face, head, genitals or other parts of the body where they would not be expected to occur given the age of the child. Some types of bruising are particularly characteristic of non-accidental injury especially when the child’s explanation does not match the nature of injury or when it appears frequently.
slap marks — these may be visible on cheeks or buttocks.
twin bruises on either side of the mouth or cheeks - can be caused by pinching or grabbing, sometimes to make a child eat or to stop a child from speaking.
bruising on both sides of the ear — this is often caused by grabbing a child that is attempting to run away. It is very painful to be held by the ear, as well as humiliating and this is a common injury.
grip marks on arms or trunk - gripping bruises on arm or trunk can be associated with shaking a child. Shaking can cause one of the most serious injuries to a child; i.e. a brain haemorrhage as the brain hits the inside of the skull. X-rays and other tests are required to fully diagnose the effects of shaking. Grip marks can also be indicative of sexual abuse.
black eyes – are mostly commonly caused by an object such as a fist coming into contact with the eye socket. NB. A heavy bang on the nose, however, can cause bruising to spread around the eye but a doctor will be able to tell if this has occurred.
damage to the mouth – e.g. bruised/cut lips or torn skin where the upper lip joins the mouth.
poisoning or other misuse of drugs – e.g. overuse of sedatives.
burns and/or scalds – a round, red burn on tender, non-protruding parts like the mouth, inside arms and on the genitals will almost certainly have been deliberately inflicted. Any burns that appear to be cigarette burns should be cause for concern. Some types of scalds known as ‘dipping scalds’ are always cause for concern. An experienced person will notice skin splashes caused when a child accidentally knocks over a hot cup of tea. In contrast a child who has been deliberately ‘dipped’ in a hot bath will not have splash marks.
2. Sexual Abuse:
The involvement of dependent, developmentally immature children and adolescents in sexual activities they do not truly comprehend, to which they are unable to give informed consent or that violate the social taboos of family roles. Typical signs of Sexual Abuse are:
a detailed sexual knowledge inappropriate to the age of the child.
behaviour that is excessively affectionate or sexual towards other children or adults.
attempts to inform by making a disclosure about the sexual abuse often begin by the initial sharing of limited information with an adult. It is also very characteristic of such children that they have an excessive pre-occupation with secrecy and try to bind the adults to secrecy or confidentiality.
a fear of medical examinations.
a fear of being alone — this applies to friends/family/neighbours/baby-suffers, etc
a sudden loss of appetite, compulsive eating, anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa.
excessive masturbation is especially worrying when it takes place in public.
sexual approaches or assaults - on other children or adults.
urinary tract infections (UTI), sexually transmitted disease (STD) are all cause for immediate concern in young children, or in adolescents if his/her partner cannot be identified.
bruising to the buttocks, lower abdomen, thighs and genital/rectal areas. Bruises may be confined to grip marks where a child has been held so that sexual abuse can take place.
discomfort or pain particularly in the genital or anal areas.
the drawing of pornographic or sexually explicit images.
3. Emotional Abuse:
The severe adverse effect on the behaviour and emotional development of a child caused by persistent or severe emotional ill treatment or rejection. All abuse involves some emotional ill treatment - this category should be used where it is the main or sole form of abuse.
4. Physical Neglect:
The persistent or severe neglect of a child (for example, by exposure to any kind of danger, including cold and starvation) which results in serious impairment of the child’s health or development, including non-organic failure to thrive. Persistent stomach aches, feeling unwell, and apparent anorexia can be associated with Physical neglect. However, typical signs of Physical Neglect are:
Underweight — a child may be frequently hungry or pre-occupied with food or in the habit of stealing food or with the intention of procuring food. There is particular cause for concern where a persistently underweight child gains weight when away from home, for example, when in hospital or on a school trip. Some children also lose weight or fail to gain weight during school holidays when school lunches are not available and this is a cause for concern.
Inadequately clad - a distinction needs to be made between situations where children are inadequately clad, dirty or smelly because they come from homes where neatness and cleanliness are unimportant and those where the lack of care is preventing the child’ from thriving.
Physical Neglect is a difficult category because it involves the making of a judgement about the seriousness of the degree of neglect. Much parenting falls short of the ideal but it may be appropriate to invoke child protection procedure in the case of neglect where the child’s development is being adversely affected.
5. Sexual Exploitation
Sexual exploitation of children and young people under 18 involves exploitative situations, contexts and relationships where young people (or a third person or persons) receive ‘something’ (e.g. food, accommodation, drugs, alcohol, cigarettes, affection, gifts, money) as a result of them performing and /or another performing on them sexual activities.
Child sexual exploitation can occur through the use of technology without the child’s immediate recognition.
In all cases, those exploiting the child/young person have power over them by virtue of their age, gender, intellect, physical strength and/or economic or other resources.
Violence, coercion and intimidation are common, involvement in exploitative relationships being characterised in the main by the child or young person’s limited availability of choice resulting from their social, economic and or emotional vulnerability.
(SSCB Safeguarding Children and Young People from Sexual Exploitation June 2009)
6. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)
FGM comprises all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs. It is illegal in the UK and a form of child abuse with long-lasting harmful consequences. Professional in all agencies, and individual and groups in relevant communities need to be alert to the possibility of a girl being at risk of FGE, or already having suffered FGM.
There is a range of potential indicators that a girl may be at risk of FGM. Warning signs that FGM may be about to take place, or may have already taken place can be found in H.M. Government Document - Multi-Agency Guidance on F.G.M. April 2015 pgs. 38 - 40
6. Domestic Abuse
The Home Office defines domestic violence as ‘Any incident of threatening behaviour, violence or abuse (psychological, physical, sexual, financial or emotional) between adults who are or have ben intimate partners or family members, regardless of gender or
(Home Office (2009) What is Domestic Violence: London: Home Office
Cited in Working together (2010) SSCB)
7. Grave Concern/at risk:
This is not a separate category of child abuse as such but covers a number of situations where achild may be at risk. Children whose situations do not currently fit the above categories but where social and medical assessments indicate that they are at significant risk of abuse. Grave concern may be felt where a child shows symptoms of stress and distress (see below) and any of the following circumstances apply:
· there is a known child abuser in the family;
· another child in the family is known to have been abused;
· the parents are involved with pornographic material to an unusual degree;
· there is an adult in the family with a history of violent behaviour;
· the child is exposed to potential risk or exploitation via the Internet e.g. pornographic material or chat rooms.
The Symptoms of Stress and Distress:
When a child is suffering from any one or more of the previous four ‘categories of abuse’, or if the child is ‘at risk’, he/she will nearly always suffer from/display signs of stress and distress.
An abused child is likely to show signs of stress and distress as listed below:
a lack of concentration and a fall-off in school performance;
aggressive or hostile behaviour;
moodiness, depression, irritability, listlessness, fearfulness, tiredness, temper tantrums, short concentration span, acting withdrawn or crying at minor occurrences;
difficulties in relationships with peers;
regression to more immature forms of behaviour, e.g. thumb sucking;
self harming or suicidal behaviour;
low self esteem;
wariness, insecurity, running away or truancy - children who persistently run away from home may be escaping from sexual physical abuse;
general personality changes such as unacceptable behaviour or severe attention seeking behaviour;
a sudden change in school performance.
Parental Signs of Child Abuse:
Particular forms of parental behaviour that could raise or reinforce concerns are:
· implausible explanations of injuries;
· unwillingness to seek appropriate medical treatment for injuries;
· injured child kept away from school until injuries have healed without adequate reason;
· a high level of expressed hostility to the child;
· grossly unrealistic assumptions about child development;
· general dislike of child-like behaviour;
· inappropriate labelling of child’s behaviour as bad or naughty;
· leaving children unsupervised when they are too young to be left unattended.
ST. WINEFRIDES’S SCHOOL
REPORTING PROCEDURES FOR SUSPECTED CASES OF CHILD ABUSE
ST. WINEFRIDES’S SCHOOL
FIRST AID POLICY
This policy applies to all school activities, including after-school activities, out of school activities e.g. sporting activities, school trips, activities carried out by the Friends of St. Winefride's - Christmas Fair, Summer Fair, New Year Disco.
Our First Aid Policy outlines our School’s responsibility to provide adequate first aid to pupils, staff, parents before medical care is available. It also outlines the procedures in place to meet this responsibility.
· The responsibility for Health & Safety, including first aid, rests with the Trustees.
· The Headmistress is responsible for developing procedures, putting the policy into practice and
informing all staff and parents.
The Risk Assessment of First Aid needs should be carried out to ensure adequate cover.
The school will consider:
· Location of School
· Size of the school
· Specific Hazards or risks
· Specific need of children – age groups, special health needs
· Number of First Aiders required.
· Contacting First Aid personnel
· According to the DFEE Guidance on First Aid for School, teachers and other staff in charge of
pupils are expected to use their best endeavours at all times to secure the welfare of the children.
· First aiders must have attended an approved First Aid course and attend refresher courses every
3 years. At St. Winefride’s it has been decided that all full-time teaching staff have received first
aid training as well as classroom assistants and staff covering lunch-time and playtime. This
ensures that adequate first aid can be provided at all times if necessary. Each member of the full
time teaching staff is able to assume the responsibilities of the Appointed Person who takes
charge during an incident and summons help if needed.
· If a child presents with specific medical needs e.g. allergies, which necessitates the use of an epi
-pen or diabetes, then any necessary extra training will be provided for staff.
At least one member of our EYFS staff will also have Paediatric first aid training.
· First aid cover must be available at all times, including out of school activities, PE, activities
carried out by the Friend’s of St. Winefrides’s e.g. Christmas Fair, Summer Fair, New Year Disco.
FIRST AID PROVISION
· The First Aid Station is located outside the Junior 4 Classroom. The names of First Aiders are
displayed on the notice board there. A first-aid kit is located there. A portable first- aid kit is
available for use in the playground. Another portable kit is available for taking to the field and on
sporting activities outside school. Each classroom has a small first-aid box.
· It is the responsibility of the Headmistress to ensure that the main first aid kits are checked
regularly and always stocked appropriately and that the stock is available for all other kits.
· First Aid Accommodation
A medical station is set up in the Extra Support Room. There is a place here for a child to
rest in privacy when awaiting collection by a parent or carer.
Supervision will be provided until the child is collected.
At St. Winefride’s school the Headmistress is responsible for reporting incidents that involve the:
· Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences regulations 1995 (RIDDOR)
· Health & Safety at Work Act 1974
The HSE must be notified of fatal and major injuries and dangerous occurrences without delay.
The First Aider present will deal with the accident and treat any injuries appropriately. The First Aider must ensure that precautions are taken to protect the patient and her/himself. Hands must be washed before administering First Aid and Disposable gloves must be worn.
The details regarding the incident will be entered in the Accident Book.
· In the event of an injury requiring hospital treatment (but not an ambulance) or a visit to the GP,
the parents/caregivers will be contacted so that transport arrangements can be made to the
· If the parents/caregivers cannot be contacted then two members of staff will be designated to
take the child for treatment. The white card containing medical details of the child will be taken.
· The school insurance covers members of staff who use their own cars to transport pupils for this
· In all cases, parents/caregivers will be contacted as soon as possible to attend the hospital, GP
surgery, or school. Once a parent/caregiver has arrived the teachers are no longer ‘in loco
parentis’ and may return to school.
· In the event of a head injury (not requiring a visit to the doctor or GP), parents will be notified by
· Details of the accident must be recorded in the Accident Book.
· Out of School Activities
A Mobile Phone should be taken on trips out of school.
A First Aid kit should be taken.
Teachers should ensure that the children who have medical needs have their medication with
them e.g. inhalers, insulin, epi-pens.
· Prescribed medicines e.g. inhalers will be kept safely in the classroom by the class teacher and
will only be administered when there is written permission from the parents/carers.
· If pupils are able to self-administer medications e.g. inhaler, insulin, parents must give written
permission for their child to take responsibility for self-medication under the supervision of a
member of staff.
· Other medicines will only be administered when written permission is received from the
parents/carers. The details will recorded by the class teacher in a Medicine Book. The
administration of medicine must be witnessed by another member of staff.